A mother’s love is universal. But on factory farms, a female animal who gives birth is not considered a mother, but rather a breeding machine.
Millions of animals who are bred and killed every year on farms all over the world are mothers. But on factory farms, a female animal who gives birth is not considered a mother. Instead, she is considered to be a breeding machine, whose only purpose is to keep giving birth in order to keep feeding humans with her milk or the flesh of her babies.
Like humans, animals are capable of making their own choices, nursing their babies and displaying love towards one another. But farmed animals do not have the freedom to decide anything about their own lives or their young. Instead the animal agriculture industry makes these decisions for them, separating them, mutilating them and causing them immense suffering.
Here’s what happens to mothers in the animal agriculture industry:
Mother cows in the dairy industry
Cows used for their milk in the dairy industry are all mothers. Just like humans, a cow only produces milk for her baby. Once she becomes pregnant, she carries her baby in her womb for nine months before giving birth. Once she gives birth, she starts producing milk for her newborn calf – milk that her baby would naturally drink during the first 10 months of his or her life.
However, on dairy farms, the milk she produces will not be given to her baby, as it will instead be bottled up for human consumption. And so her calf is separated from her – often within just hours or days of being born – and swapped for a milking machine which is attached to her teats.
This process lasts for three months until she is impregnated again in order to maintain unnaturally high yields of milk production.
This cruel, abusive cycle is repeated on average three or four times until the cow – exhausted by the repeated pregnancies, births and unnatural milk production – is killed and sold for cheap meat.
The separation of cows and calves is extremely distressing for both the mother and her baby. During multiple investigations carried out by Animal Equality, mother cows and their newborn calves have been filmed calling out to each other desperately for hours or searching for each other in vain. These scenes can only be described as heartbreaking.
Mother pigs in the pig industry
The meat industry uses female pigs – also known as sows – to breed piglets for human consumption. This means that these sows are artificially inseminated multiple times a year throughout their lives, forcing them to become pregnant.
In the US pork industry, a majority of the 6 million female breeding pigs, or sows, are confined in these 7-by-2-foot crates for the duration of their pregnancies, which take a physical and mental toll on the animals. Ian Duncan, a scholar of animal welfare at the University of Guelph, has described it as “one of the cruelest forms of confinement devised by humankind.”
In this miserable, unnatural environment, they will give birth and be forced to attempt to nurse their piglets while confined behind bars. After going through this cycle twice a year for several years, the mothers are killed and sold for cheap meat.
Mother hens in the egg industry
You’ve probably heard the expression ‘mother hen.’ It’s no surprise that they earned this nickname, as research shows that hens are very maternal and protective mothers. When her chicks are in distress, a hen will react physically, showing empathy. Her heart rate will increase and she will start calling for her babies.
Tragically, in the egg industry, hens do not have the chance to be mothers, as their only ‘purpose’ is to produce eggs destined for human consumption.
Selectively bred to produce the maximum number of eggs, millions of hens on egg farms in the US spend their entire lives – up to two years – packed in filthy, wire cages with around sixty other birds. The cages are so small and crowded that hens cannot even spread their wings fully, dust bathe, peck or play. They are stopped from carrying out these most basic natural behaviours.
Female chicks will take the place of their mothers to continue egg production. Male chicks, unable to produce eggs, are usually either ground up alive or gassed to death.
Original source: https://animalequality.org